DESIGN POLICIES: BETWEEN DICTATORSHIP AND RESISTANCE – DESIGN IN PORTUGAL

Special issue of The Radical Designist AKA Reader’s Designist Magazine

The Radical Designist, UNIDCOM’s Journal on Theory and History of Material Culture is calling for papers for a special issue related with the research project:

“Design in Portugal (1960-1974): the actions, actors and repercussions of the Art, Industrial Architecture and Industrial Design Nuclei of the National Institute of Industrial Research (I.N.I.I.)”

[“Design em Portugal (1960-1974): acções, intervenientes e repercussões do Núcleo de Arte e Arquitectura Industrial e do Núcleo de Design Industrial do Instituto Nacional de Investigação Industrial (I.N.I.I)]

During Cold War in peripheral countries and regions, like the Iberian peninsula, Eastern Europe or Latin America, Design was, not only a discipline related with industrial development and modernization, but also, due to its DNA, social insertion and ethics, an instrument of resistance to dictatorships. In the case of Portugal, the country was one of the founders of EFTA (European Free Trade Association) in 1960, a first sign of the New State’s dictatorship concern with exportation and foreign markets. However, another sign of the Cold War, the Portuguese colonial conflict, and a counter insurgence notion of social development contributed to create a market in Africa.

In consequence, the Portuguese economy witnessed an enhancement of its industrial sector. By developing these activities, some enlightened industrials and designers believed that a metadesign approach in the Portuguese industry could contribute to the transformation of the regime and conduce to the achievement of democratic governance. In consequence, the late 1960’s early 1970’s witnessed the emergence of a new professional starting to be designated as “designer”. The transfer of methodological knowledge from “Democracies” to “Dictatorships”, determined by the need of modernization, carried out also an ideological democratic insemination that helped to corrode the Regime’s structural foundations.

The purpose of this special issue is to contribute to a panoramic view over the impact of design policies in the internationalization of economies and social professional change during the Cold War, but also how design contributed to the values of democracy both political and social in this period, especially in the 1960 ‘s and 1970’s. This call proposes also to cover processes in which “democracies” were subjected to authoritarian dictates over minorities either social or political.

 Dates:

Solstice submission: June 21st 2015

Bastille notification of acceptance: July 14th 2015

Equinox publication: September 23rd 2015

 Languages of submission: English, Portuguese, Spanish, French.

 Format: APA style.

No footnotes please.

Max. 6000 words.

Max. 5 illustrations. JPEG in separate files identified to be inserted in the text

Email to: designportugal@iade.pt ; SITE

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