Design Research News



20-22 April 2020 – DTRS

We are very pleased to announce the 13th symposium in the DTRS (Design
Thinking Research Symposium) series, which will take place on April 20-22,
2021, at the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology in Haifa, Israel. The
theme of the symposium will be:

Expanding the frontiers of design: A blessing or a curse?

The key dates are:

Submission of extended abstract  April 20, 2020
Feedback on abstract  June 20, 2020
Interim full paper submission  September 15, 2020
Reviewers decision  November 30, 2020
Final full paper submission  February 20, 2021

Please contact us by email at:  if you have
questions, suggestions or any other concerns regarding DTRS13.


We are interested in exploring some emerging issues and research challenges
in the creative industries via four research seminars that will take place
at Kings College London in the Spring 2020

co-organised by the Department of Culture, Media and Creative Industries
(CMCI), DISCE (Developing Inclusive and Sustainable Creative and the Creative Industries Policy and Evidence
Centre (PEC). These four key areas of research will be explored:

–  Creative and cultural ecologies: mapping and understanding
–  Understanding the value of creative arts higher education
–  Creative work and gender: barriers and activism
–  Creative industries and intersectional barriers: class, race and place

Each seminar will start at 1pm with a keynote opening presentation; it will
include 3-4 papers and a final policy panel. A key objective of the
seminars is to reach a shared understanding of the gaps in the evidence
base, which will inform future research priorities and collaborations.


We welcome innovative research papers for inclusion in the programmes. The
papers might include new methodological approaches or new data sources or
provide new theoretical insights. The participation in the seminars is free
but participants will need to cover their own travel expenses. The four
seminars and their focus are highlighted below.

If you are interested in submitting a contribution, please send your
research paper (between 5,000 and 9,000 words) for consideration to Dr

The submission deadline for papers for Seminars 1 and 2 is18th November
2019. The submission deadline for papers for the Seminars 3 and 4
is5thJanuary 2020.

Selected according to criteria of originality, significance and fit, arange
of papers will be chosen by the Scientific Committee for inclusion in the
seminar programmes alongside the keynote speakers.
29 June – 1 July 2020 – ICTeSSH

The ICTeSSH 2020 CFP may be of interest for some working with ICT
enhanced Arts and Humanities:

The call for pre-conference workshop/training proposals has been
published as well:

ICTeSSH 2020 has great list of speakers
( and will be held on an attractive
location – Amsterdam, in the last week of June.
Books series

Here’s a double call for educators in art and design. They consider product
and spatial design, digital interfaces and design methods. It is
particularly interested in issues of pedagogy and user orientated

In collaboration with Routledge, Intellect Books and other publishers, the
University of Kent and Florida State University are partnering with
AMPS-PARADE to develop a 2020 series of conferences and publications in art
and design.

This collaboration is interested in developing publications in art and
design pedagogy related to questions of user-orientated design and digital
art and design. It will feed into the ROUTLEDGE: Focus on Design Pedagogy
book series.

In addition, the conference, Connections: Exploring heritage, architecture,
cities, art, media, is connected with the Intellect Books Mediated Cities
series. Four books have so far been produced through conferences in London,
Los Angeles, Bristol and Istanbul. It is anticipated that the fifth will be
developed from this event.

To participate, please submit an abstract.

Connections: Exploring heritage, architecture, cities, art, media

Dates: 29-30 June 2020
Place: University of Kent, Canterbury, UK
Abstracts: 10 February 2020 (Round 1)



Experiential Design  Rethinking relations between people, objects and
Dates: 16-17 January 2020
Place: Florida State University, Tallahassee, USA
Abstracts: 20 November 2019

Presentations can be in various formats:
Pre-recorded film (20 minutes) | Skype (20 minutes) | In-person
Presentations (20 minutes) | Written Papers (3,000 words)

To be considered, please submit an abstract:

Connections: Exploring heritage, architecture, cities, art, media

Experiential Design  Rethinking relations between people, objects and

15-19 June 2020 – Call for Workshop Proposals – Participatory Design
Conference 2020 – Manizales, Colombia

Participatory Design Conference 2020 – Participation(s) otherwise –

Call for Interactive Workshop Proposals

Participatory Design Conference 2020 invites proposals for workshops that
engage with the conference theme PARTICIPATION(S) OTHERWISE. PDC
Interactive Workshops are unique opportunities to propose ambitious and
bold agendas for the PD community, crossing disciplinary boundaries and
challenging the values, characteristics, politics and future forms of PD.

Submissions to this category are expected to propose sessions that go
beyond presentation formats and that actively engage participants in
different and novel types of activities, e.g. problem definition, small
discussion groups, mapping themes, do-it-yourself, hands-on group work etc.
Their topic should concern any area of interest of PD at any level, e.g.
theoretical reflections, methodologies, practices, etc. Workshops take
place 2 days before the main conference in sessions of half-day or

Important dates

1st December 2019  Submission deadline
15th February 2020  Notification of acceptance
15th March 2020  Camera ready submissions deadline

Submissions and Review Process

Submissions will be reviewed for applicability to the PD conference by the
chairs and the PC. The following main evaluation criteria will be
considered to select and accept the proposals: relevance of topic to the
conference, interactivity of the format, potential to draw participants.

Submission Formatting and Length

Proposals should include: the workshops title and its goals; the planned
format, methods or techniques used to structure the workshop; the way
participants should contribute to the workshop; its relevance to PD; its
need and value at PDC; and a draft schedule. In particular, it should make
clear how the workshop topic and format link to the conference theme.
Include few lines on how the organizers have the relevant expertise to set
up this workshop. Convey the duration of the workshop (half/full day),
minimum and maximum number of participants, and provide clear ideas on how
participants will be recruited. When describing the recruitment procedure,
important dates should be clearly communicated. Finally, the workshop
proposal should include a clear statement about the expected concrete
outcomes of the session (e.g. journal publication, research proposal,
future collaborations, exhibition). If authors anticipate the need of
specific equipment or setup for running the workshop, they should contact
the workshop chairs well in advance of the submission deadline to map and
discuss possibilities.

Formatting and length

Submissions should be made according to the appropriate template available
on the submission page.

Submissions should be written in English and should not be longer than 3
pages. References do not count towards the page limits. Interactive
Workshop proposals will be published in Vol. 2 of PDC proceedings published
by ACM International Conference series.

It is a call for proposed articles for a book in the Brill Series ‘Studies
in Somaesthetics’ tentatively entitled ‘Somaesthetics and Design Culture’

Series editor:

Richard Shusterman, Florida Atlantic University, USA

Volume editors: Richard Shusterman, Florida Atlantic University, USA Blint
Veres, Moholy-Nagy University of Art & Design, Budapest, Hungary

Somaesthetics as the critical study and cultivation of the soma (i.e. the
living, sentient, purposive body-mind) is an overarching interdisciplinary
research field. The same comprehensiveness is found in the vast array of
creative practices that are linked under the umbrella of design culture as
a flow of material and immaterial entities emerging as products, practices
and discourses in the synergy of all our senses brought forth by social
practices and reflected in cultural discourses. From the perspective of
somaesthetics, the relation between human beings and their surroundings,
particularly our created, designed environments, is a critical issue. It is
these environments to which our movements contribute and from which they
also draw their energies and significance. (Shusterman 2012: 26)
Consequently, somaesthetics relates to many fields central to design
culture studies, such as architecture, human-computer interaction design,
urban design, fashion, and disability studies.

The proposed volume aims to map the relations between design culture and
somaesthetics and to consider the somas relationship to designed
environments conceived both socially, culturally and technologically. We
seek to explore how somaesthetics can work with design to promote the
pragmatist philosophical aim of improving experience through a reflective
art of living, designing the good life, both in interpersonal and
intercultural terms.

We call for proposals (max. 1000 words) of original articles (max. 7500
words) that are in line with the general theme of the book. Proposals
should be sent to Blint Veres ( and Richard Shusterman
( by November 10th, 2019.

For more information about the series, see

For information about format and house style, consult the Brill Author
Guide at:


A Special Issue of International Journal of Design on Alive. Active
Adaptive:Experiential Knowledgeand Emerging Materialshas been published.

Aims & Scope

The emergence of new materials and approaches offers opportunity for
achievingnew material experiences in design. But as materials acquire new
agency and interactional possibilities(whether algorithmic, biological or
chemical), how do we work with such alive, active and adaptive materials?
And as materials acquire connectivity (whether digital or organic) and thus
fluctuate within more fluid situations of use and needs, how do we
understand the movements, temporalities and relationships of a material in
relation to other materials? This calls for different skill sets, different
way of understanding and mobilizing materials in design.

Vol. 13(2) August 2019

The special issue is available online at

The Special Issue is a post-conference publication of EKSIG 2017 held at
Delft University of Technology in the Netherlands in June 2019.

IASDR conference Cincinatti 2017

We are pleased to announce that the Re:Research collection, based on the
2017 edition of the IASDR conference, is now available. The collection is
published in hardback and ePDF version.

Just as the term design has been going through change, growth and expansion
of meaning, and interpretation in practice and education the same can be
said for design research. The traditional boundaries of design are
dissolving and connections are being established with other fields at an
exponential rate. Re:Research showcases a curated selection of 83 papers
just over half of the works presented at the 2017 IASDR conference. With
topics ranging from the introduction of design in the primary education
sector to designing information for Artificial Intelligence systems, this
book collection demonstrates the diverse perspectives of design and design
research. Divided into seven thematic volumes, this collection maps out
where the field of design research is now.

The Re:Research collection includes:

Volume 1: Teaching and Learning Design
Volume 2: Philosophical Frameworks and Design Processes
Volume 3: Design and the Creation of Social Value
Volume 4: Design and Living Well
Volume 5: Design Discourse on Culture and Society
Volume 6: Design Discourse on Business and Industry
Volume 7: Design and Digital Interaction

Discover the circular economy
new Learning Hub launched

What if we could build an economy that uses things, rather than uses them

The circular economy is based on three principles: design out waste and
pollution, keep products and materials in use, and regenerate natural

Explore the idea and real-world examples with the Ellen MacArthur
Foundations immersive learning hub.

Explore the learning hub

You can discover more about the circular economy through curated learning
paths. What is the circular economy? What can I do within my business? How
do I describe what the circular economy is to my colleagues, friends, and
family? These questions and more, including deep dives into fashion,
cities, AI, and food, are tackled through a variety of multimedia content.

Explore the circular economy via 3 new ways.

Explore the learning hub
Listen to the What is the circular economy?podcast series
Watch the What is the circular economy? video series

She ji

The Autumn 2019 issue of She Ji is now online at URL:

As always, all contents are accessible in open access format, available for
reading online and available for download in .pdf format.

The contents of this issue include:

The Same Person Is Never the Same: Introducing Mood-Stimulated
Thought/Action Tendencies for User-Centered Design.
by Pieter M. A. Desmet, Haian Xue, and Steven F. Fokkinga.

The Assessment of Meaningful Outcomes from Co-design: A Case Study from the
Energy Sector.
by Stuart A. Cockbill, Andrew May, and Val Mitchell.

Co-creating and Assessing Future Wellbeing Technology Using Design Fiction.
by Naseem Ahmadpour, Sonja Pedell, Angeline Mayasari, and Jeanie Beh.

Understanding Is a Design Problem: Cognizing from a Designerly Thinking
Perspective. Part 1.
by Michael Lissack

In Conversation: Ellen MacArthur: From Linear to Circular.
by Yubei Gong and Jianne Whelton.

5 December 2019 – Climate Futures II: Design Politics, Design Natures,
Aesthetics and the Green New Deal Thursday Dec 5th 2019 Location: Metcalf
Auditorium, Chace Center/RISD Museum The Rhode Island School of Design

The sequel to Climate Futures 1: Design and the Just Transition
which we held at RISD last November is upon us. Climate Futures II – Design
Politics, Design Natures, Aesthetics and the Green New Deal is a
collaboration between The Graduate Program in Nature-Culture-Sustainability
Studies <> at RISD, The
Graduate Program in Global Arts and Culture
<> and The Institute at Brown for
Environment & Society. This year’s symposium will draw together colleagues
to discuss racial capitalism, decoloniality and environmentally just energy
transitions, the future of the architectures in carbon constrained worlds,
cyborg ecology & design justice, the aesthetic of the just transition and
an inventive politics for a Green New Deal.

Over the last two years the Green New Deal has come to define how we might
think about just post-carbon transition in the United States. Whilst
denounced by some conservatives and liberal ecomodernists as implausible
and dismissed by assorted climate doomsters as too little, too late, it
still stands as the only game in town for thinking about post-carbon
futures. This symposium seeks to shine a constructive, yet critical, light
on not only the potentialities but also the limitations of the Green New
Deal as a political, design, cultural, technological and aesthetic
discourse and praxis.

The Green New Deal has generated a rich series of policy debates about the
ways in which just transitions could be stimulated and enacted. It has
served as a reminder of the many admirable ways in which the old New Deal
defined a vision of public works and public design, infrastructure and
planning for the public good. However – and as many Green New Dealers are
well aware – the original New Deal was also marked by multiple exclusions
and a complicated racial, gender and labor politics. It worked with a
political imaginary largely bounded by the US nation state. Its more
radical ambitions were ultimately constrained and contained. A Green New
Deal will have to mobilize against fossil capitalism, coloniality and an
emboldened White supremacy in very different ways to the old New Deal. It
will have to address a global climate emergency that will require building
new forms of solidarity across borders and boundaries. It will also have to
open up discussions about the socio-technical and political design pathways
to post-carbon futures in ways that might force us to move beyond the
aesthetic and design horizons of small is beautiful era environmentalisms
without tumbling back into a paternalistic liberalism.

If the policy context that could inform a Green New Deal is slowly coming
into view, the cultural, aesthetic, socio-technological or design politics
that could further support and radicalize a new Green New Deal is less in
evidence. This could stand as a significant limitation to further progress
given that we know that just transitions to post-carbon futures are not
going to emerge though legislation alone nor will they be built through
fear of extinction or declarations of the need for eco-austerity. Diverse
publics will have to be mobilized at affective, cultural and political
levels. A sense of political and creative agency, desire and perhaps even
joy in the opportunities that exist for democratically designing and
redesigning our worlds will all be vital for enacting just post-carbon
futures. The just transition, understood as the Green New Deal or
otherwise, will have to be imagined and built, fabricated and realized,
coded and created. Politicized processes of making, of prefiguring, that
occur again and again and again are going to be constitutive features of
the attempt to build survivable futures on a rapidly warming planet. New
forms of art and cultural production, new modes of solidarity and care, a
new design politics residing in new public institutions residing in many
democratic spaces will be required to disarm the fatalists and the
fanatics. This symposium seeks to consider how a Green New Deal might help
us face down the climate doomsters and denialists, think beyond technocrats
and technophobes and build creative political ecologies for the future.


Research into Research Management and Administration

This group seeks to support the development of ideas, projects, and
collaborations in the area of research management and administration.

Eight Kinds of Articles Published by Scholarly Journals

Summary: Although the many different names and categories used to describe
the types of articles published by academic and scientific journals can be
confusing, there are essentially eight kinds of scholarly articles and
shorter papers found in peer-reviewed journals.

[my thanks to Ken Friedman for re-posting this article from to phd-design – ed.]

The Eight Kinds of Articles Published by Scholarly Journals

Academic and scientific journals publish many different types of articles,
and the names and categories they use to label and describe those documents
are still more numerous. Scientific journals tend to focus on different
kinds of articles than humanities journals do, and even when they publish
similar kinds of articles, they often refer to them differently. This means
that each basic type of scholarly article tends to have more than one name.
What might be called a research article in one journal, for instance, might
in another be labelled an empirical article, an original article, a full
article or simply an article. A review article in one periodical could be
referred to as a survey paper in the next, and the Brief Communications
section in one journal might be entitled Micro-Articles in another.

To determine exactly what kinds of articles a particular journal publishes,
a researcher must therefore learn as much as possible about the journal,
usually via its website, and read at least a few of its recent issues.
Generally speaking, however, the publication of original research articles
is a central goal for most academic and scientific journals, so such
articles will usually occupy a prominent place and a large portion of the
space in a peer-reviewed journal. They are rarely alone, however, and many
periodicals also aim to publish theoretical articles, descriptions of
innovative methods, papers based on observation, current news in a field,
reviews of various kinds, authoritative opinions on important issues, and a
variety of educational material. Almost every one of the scholarly
documents published by modern journals can be categorised within these
eight categories.

1. Original Research Articles

The publication of original research articles is the primary reason why
academic and scientific journals exist. Whatever name a journal might give
it, a research article serves to provide a thorough report of the methods
used to conduct original research, the results obtained through those
methods, and the meaning and implications of those results. The design of
such studies is usually analytic, with a defined research question, a
hypothesis of some kind and a discussion of how the findings answer the
question and prove or disprove the hypothesis. In the medical sciences, an
experimental study such as a randomised controlled trial would provide
material for an original research article, whereas in the social sciences
survey and interview responses might take the place of experiments.
Similar, too, is the research of an archaeologist who tests a hypothesis
about the position of an ancient building by excavating the suggested
place, and proves that hypothesis by finding relevant pieces of the
structure. Accurate and detailed observation also plays a part here and
tends to be essential to successful empirical research, but pure
observational research (described in No.4 below) is somewhat different.

An original research article is an appropriate format for presenting many
different kinds of study in a variety of fields, but the length, structure
and editorial styles of research articles tend to vary considerably among
journals. A scientific article will usually use what is called a basic
IMRAD structure with sections dedicated to Introduction, Methods, Results
and Discussion, and other fields often adopt this standard empirical model
within less formal or more complicated systems of organisation. If a
university instructor insists that primary sources be used in a term paper
or class assignment, original research articles will be appropriate, and if
a doctoral student finishing up his or her thesis wants to publish key
findings as a journal paper, an original research article is the right
choice. Research articles are also highly desirable publications to include
on a professional CV when applying for employment and research
opportunities. Original research articles usually undergo thorough peer
review by qualified experts to ensure quality, so the author must dedicate
special care to scholarly excellence and clear communication, and also be
prepared to make revisions in response to the critical comments of
reviewers and editors before the article is accepted for publication.

Closely related to a review article is a meta-analysis, in which the
results obtained through several original research studies are examined and
combined. The aims include a broader research context, more conclusive
results and more precise estimates and predictions for the field of study
and its key areas of concern. Meta-analyses also provide assessments of the
published research, however, highlighting similarities and differences and
drawing conclusions about the scholarship itself as well as the phenomena
it investigates, so in that way they share certain qualities with reviews
(discussed in No.6 below). Meta-analyses are particularly useful in fields
with enormous and quickly expanding bodies of research that present
potentially confusing contradictions.

2. Theoretical Articles

Like research articles, theoretical articles are usually peer reviewed
before they are published in academic and scientific journals, but they do
not require or report empirical research of the kind presented in original
research articles. This is not to say that their contents are not original,
however, or are less valid or important than the contents of empirical
research articles, and theoretical research can certainly draw evidence and
support from empirical research. A theoretical article generally introduces
and discusses abstract ideas and principles, either new or established,
that are related to a specific field of study or body of knowledge, with a
particular focus on ideas formulated to explain, predict and understand
phenomena. Established theories are often introduced, described, analysed
and compared as the author uses them to develop and present his or her own
new theory about a problem, question, behaviour, situation, event or
anything else worthy of reflection and discussion.

Although explanation and prediction are primary, the precise purposes of
theoretical articles vary, so the goal may be a historical survey of
theories significant to an area of specialisation or the historical
development of one key theory within a much larger discipline. The
application of theories to real-life situations, events and processes can
be part of the point of publishing theoretical articles, and university
instructors often ask students to apply (or imagine applying) the theories
they discuss in their papers as a test of sorts to determine how well they
understand the material taught in a course and its practical implications.
Papers in philosophy, literature, psychology, anthropology and other social
sciences are frequently theoretical in nature, but scientific articles can
be as well  cosmology comes to mind, for instance, as a branch of
scientific study that is highly theoretical in nature. The language,
vocabulary and argumentation used in a theoretical article must usually be
of a superior quality to earn publication.

3. Descriptions of Research Methodology

Although descriptions of research methodology are usually published in the
Methods sections of original research articles, research methods can also
be the central focus of a journal article. As a rule, the methods discussed
must be completely new or a significant development of established methods.
In either case, the methodology at the heart of a publishable article must
represent an obvious advancement or improvement of established methods. The
structure of a methodology article may be similar to that of an original
research article, but it is the methodology itself that is objectively
tested, discussed and shown to be of special value to the field of study. A
formal methodology article of this kind will in most cases be peer reviewed
by experienced researchers just as an original research article is.

There are, however, somewhat less formal ways in which to share innovative
research methods with readers. Technical notes or technical innovations are
published by some scholarly journals to enable researchers to describe in a
short format a new technique or procedure, a specific modification of a
technique already in use or an important new instrument or piece of
equipment. The goal is usually to help other researchers avoid errors and
improve their work, and the same can be the case with expert tips, brief
communications, micro-articles, How To papers and other kinds of
educational material (see No.8 below). Reports of work in progress and
study protocol articles are more thorough documents that tend to explain
methodology in detail as well as justifying its applicability to the
research underway or proposed. Large and long-term research projects are
particularly likely to interest the journal editors who consider
work-in-progress and study protocol articles, and although these articles
may not undergo peer review, ethics approval is usually necessary prior to

4. Reports and Studies of Observations

Academic and scientific articles based on observational research are
published under a wide variety of names across many different scholarly
disciplines. Case studies or case reports in which an individual, place,
event or phenomenon is the subject of study are perhaps the best known, but
other types commonly published by scholarly journals include articles
dedicated to anthropological field notes, historical surveys and scientific
descriptions of new species. One of the defining features of observational
research is its naturalistic approach: instead of the researcher
intervention and manipulated environment typical of empirical
experimentation, observations are made in a real-life and theoretically
unaltered environment. Participation levels of the researcher may vary, of
course, and the presence of the observer in relation to the observed can
itself constitute an intervention, but the ideal goal is to observe and
describe reality and behaviours as they truly are.

Although observational articles are primarily descriptive in nature,
answering questions, testing hypotheses, predicting on the basis of
observations and other forms of analysis and interpretation are usually
important aspects of the best papers. A case study might be used as the
basis of wider generalisation, but often the unique nature of its subject
is of particular value for its relationship of difference to what is
considered normal and the ways in which it challenges current assumptions,
sheds light on troubling problems and issues, and enables more informed
predictions and actions. Comparison is frequently employed, as in a medical
case-control study using patient and control groups to learn more about a
particular disease, or in the close examination of the literary reception
of a medieval poet in two different regions via comparative observations of
the surviving manuscripts in those regions. Case studies can be extended
over many subjects and years in, say, a case series or clinical review of
all the patients sharing a diagnosis and associated with a particular
medical clinic, or over a larger area in a study of the provenance and
readership of all the surviving manuscripts of that medieval poet.

5. Notes and News

This category can include so many different types of articles that it is
almost impossible to define or characterise it. The format is usually
brief, often with strict limitations on the overall length of the
manuscript and the number of references and figures an author is permitted
to use. Virtually anything that the editor-in-chief of a journal believes
will be of interest to the journals readers can be included, and some
periodicals even have a specific section and editor dedicated to the
publication of notes and news. Indeed, the entire contents of certain
journals are so dedicated, resulting in journal titles such as Notes and
Queries or Research Notes. The topics of these notes and news articles can
be completely academic or scientific within the journals publishing scope,
in which case they might be called micro-articles, technical notes,
research reports, conference announcements or brief communications, to name
only a few. Often such material is time sensitive and useful to other
researchers, but might not be published quickly enough were the author to
wait for the completion of a research project and the publication of a
complete research article.

Alternatively, the content of these short articles may deviate somewhat
from strictly scholarly material, but nonetheless be of special interest to
a journals readers, so relevant celebrations and anniversaries, tributes to
and obituaries of particularly notable scholars in the field, and letters
and commentaries of a personal experiential as much as an academic or
scientific nature might be included. Such material may not contribute
significantly to the advancement of knowledge in a field, but it does
inform and entertain readers while adding to the character and appeal of a
journal. Considerable crossover exists with other types of papers such as
methodology articles (described in No.3 above) and opinion-based papers
(discussed in No.7 below), with each journal having its own ways of naming
and categorising these contributions.

6. Reviews

Traditionally speaking, academic and scientific journals have published two
kinds of reviews: literature reviews, often called review articles, and
book reviews, which are frequently referred to as reviews. Both serve to
provide information about and in most cases some evaluation of published
scholarship, but the focus of the two types is very different. The length
and depth of book reviews varies among journals and reviewers, but such a
review is usually brief and almost always discusses one recent publication,
though two or three books published in the same year on the same topic are
sometimes productively reviewed together. Readers are provided with a
summary of the publications content and an assessment of its originality
and value by a scholar who is an expert in the field of study. Publishers
often send their new scholarly monographs to relevant journals in the hope
of review, so book reviews tend to be solicited by journals either in a
collective call or individually from specific specialists. Journals
sometimes also publish an authors response to a review of his or her book,
particularly if the reviewers opinion was negative or some aspect of the
topic is highly controversial. Such a response might be presented as a
brief commentary on the book review itself or separately as a letter or
note or even an addendum.

Literature reviews (also referred to as survey papers and overview
articles) take a much wider perspective on the published scholarship in a
field of study or narrower area of specialisation, including papers as well
as monographs, so they can be much longer articles. The focus and level of
analysis varies widely, so a literary journal dedicated to the writing of a
single author might publish a list of all the scholarship on the author
that happened to be published in the previous year. That list might be
descriptive, providing a brief summary of each publication, and it may also
be evaluative, offering an assessment of the research as well as a summary.
Many review articles extend over far more than a years publication,
however, and then the goal tends to be a survey and evaluation of the
history and development of scholarship on a topic or in a field of study.
Major themes, theories, problems, debates, directions, trends and gaps in
current knowledge might be highlighted and discussed, depending on the
views and aims of the review articles author. Longer review articles might
include everything relevant that has been published on a subject, while
shorter articles might be more selective in focussing only on publications
of particular value, just as the literature review in a scholarly book or
research article would do. Because review articles tend to summarise the
current state of understanding in an area, they can be especially helpful
tools for those just beginning active research, and they are not only read
but also cited with great frequency.

Although some journals will consider unsolicited submissions of reviews,
editors often invite noted experts in a field to write them (hence they are
sometimes called invited reviews). In this way they are like peer reviews,
but peer reviews generally take place before publication to assess and
improve an articles quality, whereas the reviews discussed above are
written about scholarship after it has been published without the intention
of altering those publications. Traditionally speaking, peer reviews are
not published; however, recent developments in peer review practices at
certain journals are changing this with post-publication peer review. In
this scenario, an article is published online, reviewers are invited in a
general call or via specific requests, and the resulting reviews are then
published online beside the article, which the author has the duty or right
to revise in accordance with the review feedback. In most cases the author
has the right to respond to the criticism with explanation and defence of
the work as well, which ultimately become part of the published dialogue

7. Authoritative Opinions

Expert opinion also plays a central role in academic and scientific
articles designed for the primary purpose of expressing and sharing
informed and authoritative perspectives on topics of interest to the
journals editors and readers. Some reviews and critical responses might be
placed in this category had they not one of their own, and when a letter to
the editor or an editorial by the editor comments specifically on
publications or the journals reviews of them, the line between review and
opinion certainly becomes blurred. Opinion papers can share critical
thoughts on far more than the published scholarship, however, and deal in
depth and detail with almost any concept, problem, procedure, theme, trend
or event within a journals scope.

Opinion-based articles might be short and somewhat informal, so a brief
commentary may present an experts perspective on a controversial issue or
the authors personal experience of a specific topic, occurrence, policy or
practice. The commentary can accompany an original research paper or other
article by the same author, or it may stand on its own and dedicate a great
deal of space to introducing the opinions and perspectives of others. In a
formal academic position article of the kind common in law, politics and
other fields, an arguable opinion about an issue is presented, often
through the use of different conflicting opinions, and the author works to
convince readers that his or her opinion is valid and even preferable.
Emerging scholarly topics are often discussed in a carefully crafted and
persuasively argued position article long before active experimentation and
other forms of original research are conducted. Large corporations and
political bodies also make good use of position papers to present beliefs,
share viewpoints and change values.

8. Educational Material

Although most of the articles published in scholarly journals can be
considered educational for readers, there are certain documents published
by academic and scientific journals that are specifically dedicated to
teaching rather than sharing knowledge. This is to say that the knowledge
they contain teaches readers how to share their own knowledge and expertise
with learners or specifically adopts an instructional mode to teach readers
how to do something (usually something new) rather than simply telling them
how it was done. The distinction is a fine one and certainly an excellent
description of methodology in an original research paper should explain
procedures accurately and precisely enough that the research can be
replicated, but it nonetheless remains different from a How To article that
explains step-by-step exactly how to implement those methods.

Journals dedicated to education will obviously publish articles presenting
empirical, theoretical and observational research on educational topics,
but they and other journals may also include instructional innovations, How
To articles, lists of expert tips, technical notes describing processes and
procedures, and pictorial essays that consist of very little text but
several or even many high-quality, clearly labelled images and
info-graphics to present complex or important instructional material in
clear and memorable formats. The more specialised top-tier academic and
scientific journals may not publish this sort of practical educational
material often or at all, but even in such venues it can sometimes be found
in the more informal parts of a journal.

La place de lusager en design / The place of the User in Design (Michela
Deni & Marie-Julie Catoir-Brisson eds) is now available here:

The aims of this issue is a reflection on the concept of user in design
projects and its place in design processes. Beyond any lexical choice,
questioning the multiple identities of users means considering them
according to the contexts and approaches: users, individuals, persons,
citizens, beneficiaries, stakeholders, actors, subjects, agents, clients,
patients, consumers, etc. Each definition consists in a conceptual posture
that both includes and constructs an anthropological vision of the subjects
concerned as well as the consequent practices.

Design, Business & Society 5.2 is now available

Intellect is thrilled to announce that Design, Business & Society 5.2 is
now available.

Special Issue: In Pursuit of Luxury 2

For more information about the special issue and journal:

Aims & Scope

The Journal of Design, Business & Society is a peer-reviewed journal that
publishes high-quality academic papers that examine design from various
perspectives and a range of disciplines. The mission of the journal is to
present design in all its multifaceted forms and from a range of platforms
whether they are social, environmental, commercial, political or
educational in nature.


Imagination Lancaster have 10 fully funded Design Research PhD studentships
closing date is the end of the month.

Art, Design & Communication in Higher Education 18.2 is now available

Intellect is delighted to announce that Art, Design & Communication in
Higher Education 18.2 is now available.

Special Issue: Democratizing Knowledge in Art and Design Education

For more information about the special issue and journal:

Aims & Scope

What are the challenges of learning and teaching in art, design and
communication? The peer-reviewed journal of Art, Design & Communication in
Higher Education aims to inform, stimulate and promote the development of
research in the field by providing a forum for debate arising from findings
as well as theory and methodologies.


Searching back issues of DRN is best done through the customisable JISC
search engine at:

Look under ‘Search Archives’


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